Natural products are one of the sources of medicines in the pharmaceutical industry, and one of the important sources of natural products is medicinal plants. Medicinal plants can often cure certain diseases and can be a source of potential medications.
Plants are one of the most important sources of new pharmacologically active compounds that affect the pharmaceutical industry and have a long history in the treatment of various diseases. To date, 35,00070,000 plants have been tested for medicinal purposes. Plants for ethnic pharmacological purposes have always been the main source of drugs for early drug discovery related to their primitive ethnic pharmacological purposes.
Even if all these well-designed options are within reach, many people turn to the medicinal plants that started it all: herbal remedies that have the ability to heal and promote physical and mental health. According to Heathline.com, at the beginning of the 21st century, 11 percent of the 252 drugs considered “basic and essential” by the World Health Organization were “exclusively of flowering plant origin.” Drugs like codeine, quinine, and morphine all contain plant-derived ingredients.
Making herbal decisions along with more traditional medical treatments is a problem that you and your doctor can solve together. Sometimes, the risk of ingesting plants is even lower than the risk of taking manufactured concentrated supplements, because the risk of product contamination during the manufacturing process is greater. This is a wonderful way to experience its effects and cultivate its satisfaction for yourself. Herbs can also be used as a way to supplement the required nutrients.
Here are some of the list of medicinal plants that are widely used in Asia:
It has been commonly used as a spice, food, and medicine for more than 5000 years. It is one of the first recorded herbs used to maintain health and treat diseases (such as controlling cholesterol levels and regulating blood pressure).
2. Nagal Camphor or Sambong
A very popular Philippine herbal flowering plant used as a medicine to treat wounds and cuts, rheumatism, antidiarrhea, antispam, colds and coughs. It is also used for infected wounds, respiratory infections, and stomachaches. Sambong is very popular among people with kidney problems due to its diuretic properties. It can be taken as an afternoon tea to maintain a healthy urinary tract.
3. Ringworm Bush (Akapulko)
It is an erect medicinal shrub (or small tree) mainly distributed in tropical and subtropical regions. Almost all parts of the plant have medicinal value. The decoction of leaves, flowers, and bark is used to treat skin diseases such as eczema or pruritus (pruritus), while the decoction of wood can be used to treat constipation.
Coconut is particularly rich in manganese, which is essential for bone health and the metabolism of carbohydrates, protein, and cholesterol (8). They are also rich in copper and iron that help to form red blood cells, as well as selenium, an important antioxidant that protects cells.
Mint is an aromatic herb of the Lamiaceae. It is a fragrant, creeping, hairless, slightly hairy, and branching herb. It is grown throughout the Philippines and is propagated through terminal cuttings. With 0.8% volatile oil, the main ingredients are Comfone, Pitoione, Limonene, Menthol, Menthane, and Mentone.
6. Bitter Melon
Bitter melon or bitter gourd is a traditional plant in Asia, it is a popular botanical medicine used to treat diabetes and diabetes-related complications. Specifically, bitter gourd contains cucurbitacin-type triterpenoids, steroidal saponins called "charantines", peptides, and insulin-like alkaloids, which are presumed to have an effect on carbohydrate metabolism.
7. Guava leaves
It is a herb used in folk medicine and is believed to have active ingredients that help treat and control various diseases. Many parts of the plant have been used in traditional medicine to control malaria, gastroenteritis, vomiting, diarrhea, dysentery, wounds, ulcers, toothache, cough, sore throat, or swollen gums.
8. Ginkgo Biloba
Ginkgo is one of the oldest tree species, one of the oldest homeopathic plants, and important medicinal material in Chinese medicine. The leaves are used to make capsules, tablets, and extracts, and can be consumed as tea after drying.
Ginseng root is the best-selling Chinese medicine. The name "Ginseng" is used to refer to American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) and Asian ginseng or Korean ginseng. Asian ginseng is believed to strengthen the immune system to prevent and treat infections and diseases.
Cinnamon has a long history of use in traditional medicine around the world, including in China, India, and Persia (Iran). Today, cinnamon is touted as a dietary supplement for diabetes or irritable bowel syndrome or other gastrointestinal problems and other diseases.
Turmeric is used as an herbal medicine for rheumatoid arthritis, chronic anterior uveitis, conjunctivitis, skin cancer, smallpox, chickenpox, wound healing, urinary tract infections, and liver diseases.
Nutmeg has been found to have health benefits, including its ability to relieve pain, relieve indigestion, improve cognitive function, detoxify the body, promote skin health, relieve oral conditions, reduce insomnia, improve immune system function, prevent leukemia and improve blood circulation.
Cumin is a kind of herb. The seeds of this plant are used in medicine. People use cumin in many situations, including abnormal levels of cholesterol or lipids in the blood (dyslipidemia), obesity, etc., but there is little scientific evidence to support these uses.
14. Butterfly Pea Blue butterfly beans are rich in antioxidants. It can slow down the aging process of the skin, prevent premature aging, and improve the overall tone and texture of the skin. Improve hair health: Butterfly pea nourishes hair follicles, promotes hair growth, reduces hair loss, and slows down hair graying.
Lagundi (Vitex negundo), also known as the sacred five-leaf tree. Traditionally, the leaves have been used as decoctions to treat coughs, fever, respiratory illnesses, and anti-inflammatory agents.